Real estate scams are everywhere. The dream of owning a home in the picturesque landscapes of Pennsylvania, especially in the bustling city of Philadelphia, can sometimes lead unsuspecting homeowners and buyers into a web of scams and frauds. In this article, we aim to raise awareness of the myriad scams, rip-offs, and frauds that lurk within the realm of real estate. We’ll equip you with the knowledge and understanding to navigate your home-buying journey with confidence.

The Ubiquitous Wire Fraud

One of the most commonly reported scams is wire fraud. This scheme generally involves a hacker gaining access to a real estate professional’s email account and monitoring their communication. At the right moment, usually, just before closing, they send a seemingly authentic email to the buyer instructing them to wire the funds to a different account. This account is, in fact, controlled by the scammer. To avoid this, always confirm payment instructions directly with your real estate agent or closing attorney via a secure method such as a phone call.

Deed Fraud – A Theft of Ownership

Deed fraud is a menace, where the con artist pretends to be the homeowner using forged documents and transfers the deed to their name. The scammer can then sell the property or take out mortgage loans, leaving the real homeowner in legal hot water. To combat this, regular checks on the Property Records of Pennsylvania are a must for every homeowner. This online repository provides valuable information about the current legal owner of any property in Pennsylvania.

Online Listing Scams

With the digital era upon us, the internet has become a breeding ground for fraudsters. Craigslist, a popular online marketplace, has seen its fair share of scam listings. Fraudsters post non-existent properties for rent or sale, often at a bargain price to lure potential victims. Once interest is shown, they demand upfront payments or personal information.

To avoid falling into this trap, never agree to a deal without seeing the property and verifying the seller’s identity. If a deal sounds too good to be true, it probably is.

The Bait-and-Switch Scheme

In this classic rip-off, the seller or their agent presents an attractive deal during the initial negotiations but changes the terms at the last minute, banking on the buyer’s desperation or eagerness to close. These changes could relate to the price, closing date, included amenities, or even the property’s condition. To protect against this, have everything in writing and review all documents thoroughly before signing anything.

Email Phishing

Email phishing is another prevalent scam. The fraudsters pose as real estate professionals and send emails with malicious links, tricking buyers or sellers into sharing sensitive information. Always ensure that you are dealing with certified professionals, double-check the email addresses, and never click on links from suspicious emails.


Owning a home in Pennsylvania, and specifically Philadelphia, is an exciting journey, but one that requires vigilance to avoid scams, frauds, and rip-offs. Always verify the people you are dealing with, ensure you check the Property Records of Pennsylvania regularly, be cautious with emails and online listings, and always ensure you fully understand the terms of any agreement. Armed with knowledge and a healthy dose of skepticism, you can avoid becoming a victim and enjoy the exciting journey of buying a home.